The Fagerstroem Test for Nicotine Dependence (Data obtained from Heatherton et al.):
Questions and Answers with Score

How soon after you wake up do you smoke your first cigarette?
5 min
6-30 min
31-60 min
>61 min
3
2
1
0
Do you find it difficult to refrain from smoking in places where it is forbidden--e.g., in church, at the library, in a cinema?
Yes
No
1
0
Which cigarette would you hate most to give up?
The first in the morning
Any other
1
0
How many cigarettes per day do you smoke?
<10
11-20
21-30
>31
0
1
2
3
Do you smoke more frequently during the first hours after waking than during the rest of the day?
Yes
No
1
0
Do you smoke if you are so ill that you are in bed most of the day?
Yes
No
1
0
Scores - see end of page (below)


Vasoconstricting Effect of Smoking....

Smoking reduces the net cross surface area of blood vessels, as shown in the scan below.

Thermograms of a person's arms and hands (left) before smoking, and (right) after smoking a cigarette, showing temperature decrease due to impaired blood circulation associated with smoking in a HEALTHY individual. The thermograms are color-coded according to temperature; the scale on the right goes from blue (cold, reduced blood circulation) to white (hot, normal blood circulation).


Human Pharmacology of Nicotine (from Benowitz NL. Med Clin North Am 1992)

Results of the Nicotine Dependence Test:
Scores of more than 6 are generally interpreted as indicating a high degree of dependence, with more severe withdrawal symptoms, greater difficulty in quitting.
- 1998

tobacco radioactivity   smoking and health